Circular knitted fabric is growing increasingly popular as an upper material for leisure and sport shoes, according to leading circular knitting machine manufacturer Mayer & Cie. (MCT). The German company offers several machines that are suitable for the manufacture of shoe upper material, including the new OVJA 1.6 EE – 3WT/2WT – the first machine in the company’s product range that was specially designed for this purpose.

“Circular knitted fabric has long been in use in footwear, for the insole or the lining, for example,” said Hardy Bühler, Key Account Manager Brands at Mayer & Cie. “Circular knitting of shoe uppers is a relatively recent trend. Demand has increased enormously over the past three or four years, and it has grown all over the world.”

Advantages of circular knitting

The conventional means of manufacturing shoe upper material for sport shoes has until now been either warp knitting or more recently flat knitting. According to the Albstadt-based manufacturer, circular knitting has the edge over both of these technologies in terms of productivity and variety of patterns.



According to Mayer & Cie., a circular knitting machine’s output is many times more productive than a flat knitting machine. and a warp knitting machine needs several warp beams to produce the patterns required for shoe upper material. The warp beams have to be prepared, which requires a labour input that is only worthwhile if larger quantities of the patterned fabric are to be manufactured. If a circular knitting machine is to produce a pattern, it can be changed swiftly and without complications by means of the design

software. As a result, smaller lots are profitable on a circular knitting machine, the company says.

“The potential for circular knitting in the manufacture of shoe upper material is huge,” said Mayer & Cie.’s Key Account Manager Brands in view of these advantages. “And we are well prepared to make good use of it.”

Reinforcement for a compact portfolio

The OVJA 1.6 ET 3 WT is an established machine in the Mayer & Cie. product range. With its stitch transfer option for the production of perforated or ‘hole designs’ it has already proved suitable for the manufacture of shoe upper material. “Only recently it enabled us to acquire a new customer who supplies the footwear industry,” said Bühler. The OVJA 1.6 ET 3 WT is versatile in terms of the patterns it can produce, especially because it can transfer stitches on every third system.



Its three-way technology is designed to ensure maximum design flexibility by means of individual needle selection, which makes a wide range of structures, including the above-mentioned hole structure, possible. Using a conversion kit, the OVJA 1.6 ET 3 WT can also be quickly used as a full jacquard machine to produce multi-coloured shoe designs.


The newcomer to the range, specially designed for use in the shoe upper sector, is the OVJA 1.6 EE – 3WT/2WT. It uses three-way technology in the cylinder and two-way technology in the rib dial, thereby ensuring maximum pattern variety. This combination

makes it an optimal footwear machine that is especially suitable for the production of multi-coloured designs along with microstructure elements, the manufacturer explains.

Other machines in the MCT range that are fit for the production of shoe upper material are, for example, the Technit D3, the OVJA 1.6 E and the OVJA 0.8 E. The Technit D3 knits three-threaded on the cylinder side and produces spacer structures with four needle tracks. The OVJA 1.6 E offers an almost unlimited number of knitted structures, while the OVJA 0.8 E is the right machine for coarse-knit jacquard and hole structures, the company reports